Improved exchange ratio for the grain producer, says consultancy
The exchange ratio of products for inputs became more favorable for farmers in general during the month of June. This is shown by a survey conducted by macrosector consultants in some of the main crops in major producing regions of Brazil.
For those who plant soy in Mato Grosso, a ton of fertilizer was equivalent to 15.4 grain bags in June. In March, this ratio was around 22 sacks of soybeans for a ton of fertilizer and in June last year at 27.4.
In Brazil, the average exchange ratio in the culture was 17.4 bags of soybean per ton of fertilizer. Among the major producing regions, and Mato Grosso, Rio Grande do Sul (16.3), Paraná (14.3) and Maranhão (16.2) remained below average.
In the case of corn, the survey shows that on average, the Brazilian farmer had 35.1 sacks to buy a ton of fertilizer in June. Among the regions analyzed, the exchange ratio in Mato Grosso remained above this average (41.3), the same happening in Goiás (35.3 sacks of corn for a ton of fertilizer).
In Paraná, the relationship has remained largely stable, with a slight swing down between March and June 2016. In June this year, was 33 bags of maize for a ton of fertilizer. In the same month in 2015, were 72.9 sacks per ton.
But the coffee farmer had 2.8 sacks the product to ensure the necessary inputs to deal with the crop, according to the survey of macrosector. Only state to be below the national average, Minas Gerais recorded a 2 sacks exchange ratio for a ton of fertilizer, virtually stable compared to the same month last year, when it was 2.2 bags per ton.
Unlike what happened in other crops, sugarcane exchange ratio was worse for the producer, especially in São Paulo. A ton of fertilizer was equivalent to 29.4 tonnes of the plant produced in the state. In June 2015, the ratio was 27.7 tons, according to the survey of macrosector.